A Hernia is a mutual problem. It reasons a local swelling in the stomach or breakwater.
It can often be meaningless and pain-free, but it can sometimes bring discomfort and pain at times.
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A hernia occurs when a weakness or hole in the peritoneum, the muscular wall that usually holds the abdominal organs in place.
This defect in the peritoneum allows organs and tissues to penetrate or herniate, resulting in a bulge or lump.
The lump may disappear when the person lies down and can sometimes return to its original position under the skin. Coughing can make it come back.
Groin: A femoral hernia creates a bulge just below the groin. It is more common in women. An inguinal hernia is more common in men. It is a bulge in the groin that can reach the scrotum.
Upper stomach: A Hiatal or hiatal hernia occurs when the upper part of the stomach protrudes from the abdominal cavity into the chest through an opening in the diaphragm.
Navel: A bulge in this region occurs due to an umbilical or periumbilical hernia.
Surgical scar: Previous abdominal surgery can cause an incisional it through the fault.
Except for an incisional hernia (a complication of abdominal surgery), in most cases, there is no apparent reason for it to develop. The risk increases with age and occurs more often in men than women.
A hernia can be congenital (present at birth) or develop in children with abdominal wall weakness.
The risk of hiatal hernia is higher in people who:
In many cases, a hernia is nothing more than a painless swelling that causes no problems and does not need immediate medical attention.
However. it can cause discomfort and pain, and symptoms are often made worse by standing, straining, or lifting heavy objects. Most people who notice increased swelling or pain eventually see a doctor.
In some cases, a hernia needs immediate surgery. For example, when a part of the intestine becomes blocked or strangulated by an inguinal hernia.
The swelling. In these cases. Is usually consistent and sensitive and cannot be return to its original position under the skin of the abdomen.
A Hiatal or hiatal hernia can produce symptoms of acid reflux, such as heartburn. Which is cause by stomach acid entering the esophagus.
These health authorities consider that an early and routine operation is preferable to an emergency procedure with more risk.
Although surgical options depend on individual circumstances. Including the location of the hernia, there are two main types of it surgery:
Open surgical repair closes the hernia with sutures, mesh, or both, and the surgical wound in the skin is closed with sutures, staples, or surgical glue.
Laparoscopic repair is used in repeat operations to avoid the previous scarring. And although it is generally more expensive. It is less likely to cause complications such as infection.
Laparoscopically guided surgical repair of a hernia allows smaller incisions. Leading to a faster recovery from the operation.
The it is repair in the same way as to open surgery. But it is guide by a small camera and a light inserted through a tube. Surgical instruments are insert through another small incision. The abdomen is inflated with gas to help the surgeon see better and give them room to work. The entire operation is performed under general anesthesia.
Inguinal it is one of the most common surgical conditions in infants and children.
A 2014 systematic review collected 20 years of data on conventional open it repair (herniorrhaphy). However, there is no significant difference in operative time for unilateral inguinal it repair.
The recurrence rate is similar for both procedures, but complication. Such as wound infection, are more likely with open surgery. Especially in infants.
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