The economy is a social science that studies the laws of production, distribution, exchange, and consumption of the goods and services that humanity needs or desires. The needs of man in almost all areas are more significant than the means at his disposal to satisfy them, hence economic activity. Even as social science, economics is determined by its object of study through the continued use of mathematical analysis.
This term encompasses how societies use scarce resources to produce valuable goods and how they distribute goods among individuals. It is based on the study of how a man can manage available resources to meet his needs.
For centuries, it has been considered classical economics, used as a set of rules or standards for wisely managing a household, that is, the family and, by extension, the community.
How to manage available resources to satisfy human needs. It studies the behavior, decisions, and actions of humans. It studies how people, business. And governments make choices related to production, distribution, and consumption.
Since the planet’s resources are unusual. And regrettably. We cannot have them all, we are forced to manage these goods to obtain what we lack. Economic science involves the decision-making of individuals, organizations, and states to allocate these scarce resources.
Humans are unpredictable. The interaction with certain events and the effect they have on their environment. For example, the effect they produce on prices, production, wealth or consumption, among others. It is a social science because it studies human activity and behavior, which is a very dynamic object of study.
The set of all those decisions of individuals, companies, and governments, resulting in an extensive collection of interdependent production, distribution, and consumption activities, which define how those capitals are distribute. For example . The reduced of a country is the set of all the interrelated activities in the country.
The chat economy comes from two Greek words. Oikos and Niemen, which together form Okonma, signify the house’s administration.
The final goal of the economy is to progress the living conditions of people and societies. Keep in attention that available resources are limit (scarcity), but human needs are unlimited. When a person decides to allocate a resource for a specific use, he gets rid of its use for other purposes. is call the opportunity cost.
all the phases related to producing goods and services, from the taking out of raw materials to their use by the final consumer, causal in what way limited resources are due.
The key objects of study of the economy over time have been the pricing of goods and factors of production (land, production, capital, and technology), the behavior of financial markets, the law of supply and demand, the costs of state intervention in society, income distribution, economic growth of countries and international trade.
As we container see, the field of economics is as vast as a human activity. And that is why, alongside the fact that it is modern science, many economic theories cannot be refute. Unlike pure sciences like mathematics or physics. Economists formulate principles that help understand financial problems and how to solve them. However, some economic issues can be demonstrate, such as Nash equilibrium or Arrow’s paradox.
There are numerous ways to part the economy. Let’s distinguish between each segmentation:
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